Sinusitis 101: Types, symptoms, treatments, and more

Sinuses, for the unversed, are hollow spaces in the bones between your eyes, in the forehead, and behind the cheekbones. If there is inflammation in the tissue lining of the sinuses, you will have symptoms of sinusitis. If your sinuses are healthy, they are filled with air, but when there is blockage or fluid accumulation, germs can cause an infection. Sinusitis can cause uncomfortable symptoms, including pain behind the back of your eyes and in the forehead. Consider seeing an expert for sinusitis silver spring to know more, and for your help, we have enlisted some details below.

Types of sinusitis

The most common type of sinusitis is acute sinusitis, which lasts for less than a month and could be related to an infection, such as the common cold. Cases of acute sinusitis don’t last for more than ten days. If you have symptoms for more than twelve weeks, even with treatment, you may have acute sinusitis. Early diagnosis is important for treatment, as untreated sinusitis can cause a bacterial infection, which can have worse symptoms.

Symptoms of sinusitis

Most symptoms of sinusitis are uncomfortable and hard to deal with, such as headaches and pressure behind the eyes. Some patients may have unusual nasal discharge, postnasal drip, sore throat, and chronic cough. It is also not uncommon to have a low-grade fever. The pain triggered by sinusitis shouldn’t be confused with migraine headaches.


Your doctor will do a complete throat and nose exam, review your medical history, and order necessary tests to diagnose sinusitis. Blood tests, skin pricks, and intradermal testing are often essential to find potential triggers. Patients with chronic sinusitis may also need imaging tests, such as a CT scan or an MRI, to find causes, which can include a deviated septum or polyps in the nasal passage.

Treatment for sinusitis

Typically, doctors start with antibiotics for sinusitis triggered by a bacterial infection. You may have to take antibiotics for up to 28 days, as your physician suggests. Common treatments used for sinusitis include antihistamines, nasal corticosteroid sprays, and nasal decongestant sprays, while sinus rinsing is also known to be effective.

Final word

Sinusitis can impact your life and your ability to continue with your routine. If you have symptoms that haven’t improved after a day, check with a doctor and ensure that you follow their advice. A detailed diagnosis will help find the best way to prevent flare-ups in the future.