Knee replacement surgery involves replacing components of damaged or worn-out knee joints. The procedure can help reduce pain and enhance knee function. During the procedure, damaged cartilage and bone are replaced with metal and plastic components. For more information, check out revision knee replacement Katy.
A surgeon assesses your knee’s strength, range of motion, and stability to determine whether this surgery is appropriate. X-rays aid in determining the amount of damage. Your weight, age, level of activity, knee size, form, and general health influence the best surgical approaches and artificial joints for you.
Why is knee replacement done?
The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is to relieve arthritic discomfort. People who require knee replacement surgery frequently have difficulty walking, climbing stairs, and getting out of chairs.
Typically, if just one portion of the knee is compromised, surgeons will replace it. If the entire joint needs to be reconstructed, the shinbone ends and the thighbone are reshaped, and the joint is resurfaced. These bones are rigid tubes with a soft core. The ends of the prosthetic components are put into the softer middle region of the bones.
Ligaments are bands of tissue that help keep joints together. If the ligaments in the knee are not strong enough to keep the joint together, the surgeon might opt for implants that can be attached so they do not break apart.
Risks associated with knee replacement surgery
Knee replacement surgery, like any other procedure, has hazards. They are as follows:
- Blood clots
To avoid this danger, surgeons often offer blood-thinning drugs. The leg is the most common site for blood clots. They can, however, go to the lungs and be lethal.
- Nerve damage
Nerves in the vicinity of the implant might be damaged. Weakness, numbness, and discomfort can result from nerve injury.
Infection can arise at the site of the incision or in deeper tissue. In some cases, surgery is required to treat an infection.
Knee implants are long-lasting. However, they might become loose over time. If this occurs, a further operation may be required to replace the loose or worn pieces.
Preparing for knee replacement surgery
- Food and medicines
Before your operation, your doctor may advise you to cease using certain drugs and nutritional supplements. You will most likely be told not to eat anything after midnight on the day of your procedure.
- Preparing for recovery
You may require crutches or a walker for many weeks following the treatment, so plan. Ensure you have transport home from the hospital and assistance with daily duties such as cooking, bathing, and washing.