Prostate cancer has become one of the most prevalent tumours in the male population. Increasingly, there is evidence of the relationship between the appearance of this tumour and the influence of diet. To begin with, we will say that in obese or overweight patients with prostate cancer, weight loss can reduce the aggressiveness of prostate cancer.
Hormonal treatments for these patients do not make it easy either. For this reason, it is of great interest to extract a series of general dietary recommendations for any type of cancer and others that are somewhat more specific for this specific tumour.
GENERAL DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS:
1.- Incorporate a wide VARIETY of foods into our diet.
2.– Make a minimum of FIVE MEALS a day
3.- Adapt the SCHEDULE of meals, knowing that higher caloric intake is better tolerated in the morning
4.- Take the opportunity to make HEAVY MEALS in times of higher spirits and less fatigue
5 .- CHEW SLOWLY and with your mouth closed to avoid swallowing air
6– INGEST LIQUIDS, preferably after meals and avoiding soft drinks
7 AVOID foods with intense flavours and odours
8.- AVOIDextreme food temperatures
9.- AVOID spicy or very flatulent foods
10.– It is recommended to follow a HEALTHY diet, RICH IN FIBER AND CALCIUM, LOW IN SATURATED FATS AND REFINED SUGARS
PHYSICAL EXERCISE RECOMMENDATIONS:
It has been shown that an improvement mediates an improvement in the quality of life of cancer patients in their physical and functional capacity.
In addition to complying with the treatment, performing a MODERATE and REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. is essential
It is advisable:
1.- Before starting any physical activity, warm up for a minimum of 5-10 minutes.
2.- Begin physical exercise 2-3 days a week until reaching 3-5 days
3.- Begin with 10-minute sessions
4.- Increase physical exercise progressively up to 60 minutes
5.- No, It is recommended to exercise after meals, with catarrhal pictures, fever or pain.
SPECIFIC DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS IN PROSTATE CANCER:
IT IS BENEFICIAL TO INCREASE OR CONSUME:
- Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cabbage, cabbage).
- Fresh fruit. Daily consumption of fruit and vegetables of 400-800g/day
- Green tea (3 cups a day), letting it steep for 8-10 minutes to release the beneficial polyphenols.
- Red fruits: Blueberries, strawberries, raspberries. blackberries etc
- Bluefish are rich in omega 3 (3 times a week): salmon, standing, anchovy, mackerel, tuna, and trout. The preserves of these fish in olive oil are also beneficial, but not those preserved in sunflower or corn oil since they contain omega six that are not beneficial.
- Preferably consume “organic” poultry meat and eggs from animals raised outdoors and with a diet low in corn.
- Seasoning with turmeric has a high natural anti-inflammatory power
- Consume one or two glasses of red wine daily, except for any medical contraindication.
- Consume garlic, onions and leeks
- Consume mushrooms: Preferably shitake, maitake and Coriolus Versicolor as they are the ones that have the most excellent stimulating effect on the immune system
- Consume algae in soups, salads, legumes or steamed vegetables.
- Consume ginger that can be ground and added to green tea, breakfast cereals, or fruit.
- Consume pomegranate juice 250 ml/day
- Consume natural orange juice or two pieces of citrus.
- Consume between 20-40 g of dark chocolate daily (with a minimum of 70% cocoa) as it is the most beneficial in preventing cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
- Consumption of sweet potatoes, lentils, peas and beans
- IT IS ADVISABLE TO AVOID OR REDUCE CONSUMPTION:
- Avoid consuming sugar, honey, candy, sweets, etc. Replace it with sweeteners: aspartame or stevia.
- Avoid the consumption of refined flours, white rice and sugary cereals, replacing them with the same whole grains.
- Reduce the consumption of potatoes
- Avoid consuming jams, fruit in syrup, jam, etc.
- Avoid the consumption of hydrogenated vegetable fats such as margarine and those from animals that contain high amounts of omega 6.
- Reduce the consumption of red meat. Recommended weekly consumption max 500g per week, optimal 200g per week, preferably organic.
- Avoid foods preserved in salt, salted meats or sausages with high salt content.
- Reduce the consumption of conventional dairy products containing high omega-6 fatty acids. They can be replaced by organic or ecological dairy products, milk or soy yoghurt.
- Reduce the consumption of fried foods of any kind: potatoes or fried appetisers, replace them with pickles, cherry tomatoes, etc.
- Avoid the consumption of distilled alcoholic beverages
- Eliminate tobacco consumption
- Do not take vitamin supplements rich in vitamin B due to its potential growth-stimulating effect on the tumour. Yes, you can take foods in which this vitamin is present.