What are the Most Common Causes of Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a prevalent reason for dental visits, presenting a type of gum infection that can lead to tooth damage if left untreated. Referred to as a periodontal disease, it manifests in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis marks the initial phase of gum disease, exhibiting symptoms like gum tenderness, bleeding, and inflammation. Proper oral care can help manage these symptoms effectively.

Progressing to a more advanced stage, periodontitis poses a greater threat as chronic symptoms can cause permanent harm to the gum and bone structures. Common causes of Tomball gum disease include:

  • Plaque and Tartar Buildup: The accumulation of plaque, consisting of acids and bacteria, leads to tooth decay. Plaque, which contains acids and bacteria, is a sticky film and is capable of causing tooth decay. When plaque is left untreated and allowed to sit on teeth for days, it will harden into tartar. Keep in mind that brushing and flossing can’t remove tartar. You need to visit a dentist and they will use the necessary tools such as a scaler to remove tartar from your teeth
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use: Tobacco products not only harm the lungs but also compromise oral health. Smoking or chewing tobacco can hinder gum tissues from functioning optimally, making them more susceptible to bacterial infections. As a result, they will become more vulnerable to damage. Consider quitting tobacco products if you don’t want to suffer from the painful symptoms of gum disease
  • Hormonal Changes: Women, especially during pregnancies and monthly cycles, face increased vulnerability to gum diseases due to hormonal fluctuations. However, just because a woman is facing changes in hormones during pregnancy doesn’t mean she will develop gum disease. She just needs to take extra precautions to take maintain her oral health. Visiting a dentist more often is a great solution to this problem. Some women also face temporary or minor symptoms of periodontal disease during their pregnancy.
  • Medications: Last but not least, medication can also develop gum disease. Certain medications may induce dryness in the mouth, creating an environment conducive to bacterial attacks and increasing the risk of periodontal disease.

Gum disease can result in tooth loss and various health complications, emphasizing the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene. Regular dental check-ups are crucial to safeguarding your gums and overall oral health. If severe conditions arise, you should consult a professional dentist.